Many web developers seek to use the best and most practical tools and languages for programming. among all of them, one of the most powerful programming languages is Python programming language. Due to the capabilities and simple use of the Python language, it has attracted the attention of many web developers in recent years. This programming language provides the possibility of website design for web developers by having multiple frameworks such as Django, Flask, Pylons, Pyramid, Cherrypy, etc. In the rest of this article, we are going to learn more about Python programming language and the advantages of designing a website with this language.
What is Python programming language?
Python programming language is a simple and easy language that is the best option for those who want to learn to program. Python allows you to quickly learn and start coding. Many believe that the simplicity of Python is due to the weakness of this language, while this is not the case and this programming language is at a high level and is widely used around the world. Some of the biggest websites on the internet are built with Python, and it’s one of the easiest and best programming languages out there. Website design or basic web programming is one of the most popular and common types and fields of programming. For this reason, many people are looking to learn how to design websites with Python.
Advantages of website design with Python
Web developers using the Python programming language can enjoy a high-speed experience just by properly processing the database. If you need to design a website or register an ad or library, you can easily create such a process by using only the Python programming language.
Python programming language is definitely considered an undisputed competitor to MySQL and SQL servers because it’s easier and this is only one of the advantages of designing a website with Python. Due to the capabilities of the Python programming language, the Google search engine is also coded using it, and this programming language is known as a young and versatile language all over the world.
Some people even consider Python the easiest language to start programming!
PHP or Python?
Many employers face the challenge of going to a PHP programmer or a Python programmer to design their website. Due to the existence of such a challenge among employers, it is necessary to get good information about website design with PHP or Python. To compare these languages, it should be said that they are multi-purpose, interpretive, and high-level languages that are very close to human language. Python is a language that was designed by Guido van Rossum in 1990 and PHP was introduced in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. In general, it should be said that due to the fact that the PHP programming language is multi-purpose, it is mainly used in the construction of web pages. Meanwhile, programming with Python provides the possibility of creating mobile applications, web design, artificial intelligence, machine learning, game development, data mining, etc.
The next major difference between these two languages is in the writing rules of Syntax. PHP syntax is more complex than Python and requires more time and effort to learn. Meanwhile, learning Python syntax is very simple and can be learned in the shortest possible time. Of course, designing a specialized website through Python can be more time-consuming and even more expensive.
The best Python frameworks for web development
Python frameworks provide very attractive features to their users. Python frameworks have made the work of many programmers easier due to being full stack. Below we will get to know the most important Python frameworks for the web.
The Django framework is a free, open-source, Python-based web framework. Django follows the Model-View-Template (MVT) architecture pattern.
Python Django is built with the goal of easy, fast, and efficient development. In Django, it has been tried to keep all the components connected and reusability. These attractive features have made it possible to develop a web application with high speed, very strong security, high scalability, and maintainability, as well as good SEO.
Web-to-Py framework (Web2Py)
This framework is used by many programmers due to its tools for editing, tracking, and testing errors. Web2Py is relatively popular for building web applications due to its support for MVC architecture and high data security.
Those who have worked in Java in the past and are migrating to Python these days will relate more to Flask. The reason for this is that Flask is a micro-framework that is very close to Java, with the difference that Flask’s structure is very simple but extensible. Django is usually used for large projects, but if you have a small project in progress, Flask can scale well and meet your needs.
Turbo Gears framework
The Turbo Gears framework is the last framework we will review in this article. Turbo Gears is a powerful Python framework that supports the MVC pattern, includes various libraries for database support, and thus brings many features to web application developers.
Which one should you use?
So you might be asking yourself: Which framework or frameworks should I choose? Your answer is that it depends. Consider your skill level as a web developer. If you have enough experience, think about developing the app with something more than the “minimums”. If you are working as a student in this field, it may be better to use a framework that provides more support, such as Django.
Also, ask yourself if you prefer a “basic” code base to build, or do you want to have the flexibility to build a backbone? If you prefer the first option, use Django: if you prefer the second option, use Flask. At the end of the day, both can provide the same performance. And it’s more important to start with coding than to constantly worry about which framework is better.
Libraries or Python programs for web development
Some useful Python libraries for web development that you should remember:
- If you need a web crawler (a program that crawls websites by searching) to extract information from your applications, scrapy is a great tool. Use this program extensively from the library for deletion, data order, automatic testing, etc.
- Zappa is a powerful library for developing an application on AWS Lambda.
- Requests is a library that allows you to easily send HTTP requests that are used to communicate with the application and it allows you to retrieve data or HTML pages.
- Another application factory is Dash, which helps web development applications that monitor data. This app runs on Flask and provides features like charts, graphs, dashboards, etc.
Sites designed based on Python?
Website design with Python is done by many large companies around the world because this programming language provides unique features and facilities to web developers. Among the websites that have been designed using the Python programming language, the following can be mentioned:
- Mozilla Firefo
A roadmap for web development with Python
Step 1: HTML + CSS
When you start web development, it is very important to first learn HTML and CSS, which are the basics of learning how to build a website. If you learn how to structure static pages to get on the path to web development, you’re really on the right path. It will also help you to learn concepts such as the Internet, HTTP, browsers, DNS, host, etc. You can also learn a CSS framework like Materialize and Bootstrap, which speed up web development dramatically, but it’s not always necessary.
Step 3: DOM and jQuery
Step 4: Python
Step 5: Django + database
With Django, you will be able to prepare the environment behind the scenes and develop the business logic. You can also learn about databases such as SQLite, how to query and how CRUD works. With this method, you can have a complete application!